William gaue land and old burial mound study of the Meiji period
William gaue land which was one of so-called "foreign employee" of the Meiji period investigated old burial mound of various parts of Japan to rise to Osaka than 100 places in spite of being work as specialist of metallurgy at the built Mint Bureau and left record in form called survey map and photograph and announced result as article after returning home. Archaeology document group which we brought in the U.K. in total is stored as "gaue land collection" in the British Museum of London, and permanent exhibition is shown in a part. Old burial mound study of gaue land was appreciated as pioneer of Japanese old burial mound study, and in late years the existence came to be known about collection generally. With Meiji University Museum having received deposition of photograph (copying) of the Meiji period that gaue land photographed than Kazuo Goto (former Asahi Shimbun editorial board member) in 2006, investigation and study of relations document perform exhibition to the public by display again, and it is in base of gaue land study in Japan. In addition, study group, Gowland Project which consisted of Japanese-to-English researcher advance from 2010 in investigation for the details for elucidation of the whole aspect of collection possessed by the British Museum and gets science research funds (base study B) as leader in Kazuo Ichinose (Kyoto Tachibana University) in 2011 and it is past and carries out reexamination of tumulus which gaue land investigated. As a result, new fact including real image of investigation and study of big picture and gaue land of collection became clear by analyzing from current study viewpoint.
This display that Meiji University Museum and Gowland Project hold jointly traces footprint of gaue land from document left for the Mint Bureau and looks back toward Ayumi of conventional gaue land study by Japanese researcher. And we introduce about reexamination of old burial mound which gaue land including Shibayama old burial mound, Mise (Kashihara) Maruyama old burial mound, deer valley old burial mound group investigated and result of reexamination, result that is new from replicas produced by many photographs of old burial mound photographed for the Meiji period that Meiji University Museum possesses about British Museum possession collection that we cannot see directly again in Japan and actual survey drawing and photograph of detailed collection by recent Gowland Project and three dimensions measurement and the real image.